At a time when India and Pakistan are talking about war, it is difficult to discuss merits of peace.
In March 1964 in the inaugural issue of his “Peace Research” Norwegian Sociologist, Johan Galtung, differentiated peace into two categories, Negative Peace and Positive Peace.
Peace does not just mean the absence of something, after all an authoritarian regime could have peace. Peace is also the “presence of something.” The trick is in determining exactly what that something is.
It is fit to find the white spaces of the canvas where no has painted before. The essential ingredients that’s form positive peace can be grouped into eight pillars.
An effective government delivers high quality public and civil services, engenders trust and participation, and demonstrates political stability and upholds the rule of laws.
Sound Business Environment
Strong economic conditions are as well as the institutions that support the private score promote business competitiveness and economic productivity – both associate with the most peaceful countries.
Equitable distribution of resources
Peaceful countries tend to ensure equality in access to resources such as education health and to a lesser extent equality in income distribution.
Acceptance of the right of others
Formal Laws that guarantee basic human rights and freedoms, as well as informal social and cultural sources that relate to citizens behaviours and hall mark of peaceful countries.
Good relations with neighbours
Countries that have peaceful relations with other countries and more peaceful over all and tend to be more politically stable, have better functioning governments, and have lower levels of organised in internal conflict.
Free flow of Information
A free and independent media disseminates information in a way that leads to greater knowledge among citizens and helps individuals, businesses and governments make better decisions.
High Levels of Human Capital
A skilled and educated populace is an indicator of economic productivity, political participation and social capital.
Prof. Dr. Shaheena Asif