Studies reveal Russian efforts to manipulate U.S. 2016 election results microscopic in reach

Russian social-media operation was being widely portrayed as a seismic threat for the 2016 U.S. election contest. (Photo used for illustrative purpose)

Studies have revealed Russian efforts to disrupt the U.S. political process through hacking on the internet and on social media activities to manipulate the election results were mostly unrelated to the 2016 election, microscopic in reach, spending, and absurd in its content.

Considering the margins by which Donald Trump won the voter suppression efforts could not influence the American public.

A juvenile social-media operation with a small focus on elections was being widely portrayed as a seismic threat that might have decided the 2016 election contest.

The social-media posts couldn’t subvert the African-American votes that the Russian troll sought to deceive and other targeted demographics on social media.

These studies lead to the conclusion that the operation’s focus on elections was merely a small subset of its activity and couldn’t play any decisive role in the elections or in turnout of minorities.  

The pundits criticizing the effort conclude there’s no reason to assume it was successful.